Harlem Renaissance

Poets were core participants in the Harlem Renaissance, an African American artistic and cultural movement centered in Harlem in the 1920s.

Details

Title Harlem Renaissance Type of Content School of Poetry
Number/Poets 14 Number/Members 1
Originally Posted 17 Apr 2013 Number/Content 14
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Creator Modern American... Tags No Data

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Poet Listing

Alice Dunbar-Nelson Portrait
Alice Dunbar-Nelson

Born Alice Ruth Moore, in New Orleans, of mixed African American, Native American, and European ancestry, Dunbar-Nelson was educated at Straight College (now Dillard University).

Harlem Renaissance

African, European, Native
Male

Angelina Weld Grimke Portrait
Angelina Weld Grimké

Angelina Weld Grimké's troubled family history almost willfully theatricalizes key themes of America's racial history.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Female

Anne Spencer Portrait
Anne Spencer

Born Annie Bethel Bannister on a Virginia plantation of racially diverse parentage—her father was of African American, white, and Native American heritage, while her mother was the child of a slave

Harlem Renaissance

African
Female

Arna Bontemps Portrait
Arna Bontemps

Born in Alexandria, Louisiana, Arna Bontemps grew up in California and was educated at Pacific Union College. His father was a bricklayer and his mother a teacher.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Claude McKay Portrait
Claude McKay

Born Festus Claudius McKay to a Jamaican peasant family, McKay would write poems that inspired not only the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s but also the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Countee Cullen Portrait
Countee Cullen

Countee Cullen was probably born in Louisville, Kentucky, though Cullen himself later liked to claim New York as his birthplace.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Georgia Douglas Johnson Portrait
Georgia Douglas Johnson

Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Georgia Johnson spent much of her adult life at 1461 S Street NW in Washington, D.C., which she turned into one of the most famous literary salons of the 1920s.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Female

Gladys Casely-Hayford Portrait
Gladys Casely-Hayford

Aqua Laluah is the pen name of Gladys May Casely-Hayford, an American national born in Axim, Gold Coast (now Ghana), West Africa. Her father was a politician and lawyer, her mother a teacher.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Gwendolyn Bennett

Born in Giddings, Texas, Bennett and her family moved to Nevada and Washington, D.C, before the marriage broke up and her father took her to Pennsylvania and then Brooklyn, New York.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Female

James Weldon Johnson Portrait
James Weldon Johnson

James Weldon Johnson's work and multiple careers defy easy characterization.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Jean Toomer Portrait
Jean Toomer

Born Nathan Pinchback Jean Toomer in Washington, D.C., Toomer from the age of five was raised by his mother, until her death in 1909, and her father, P.B.S.

Harlem Renaissance

African, European
Male

Langston Hughes, half-length portrait, facing left (1942)
Langston Hughes

For several decades Langston Hughes was simultaneously the foremost African American poet and the premier poet of the American Left.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

Sterling A. Brown Portrait
Sterling A. Brown

Sterling A. Brown was born and raised in the strictly segregated Washington, D.C., of the first decades of the century.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

W. E. B. DuBois portrait, 1918
W. E. B. DuBois

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois is perhaps America’s single most influential black writer.

Harlem Renaissance

African
Male

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