The Weary Blues. Knopf, 1926.
Fine Clothes to the Jew. Knopf, 1927.
The Negro Mother and Other Dramatic Recitations. N.Y.: Golden Stair Press, 1931.
Dear Lovely Death. Amenia, N.Y.: Troutbeck Press, 1931.
The Dream Keeper and Other Poems. Knopf, 1932.
Scottsboro Limited: Four Poems and a Play. N.Y.: Golden Stair Press, 1932.
A New Song. International Working Order, 1938.
Shakespeare in Harlem. Knopf, 1942.
Jim Crow's Last Stand. Atlanta: Negro Publication Society of America, 1943.
Freedom's Plow. N.Y.: Musette Publishers, 1943.
Fields of Wonder. Knopf, 1947.
One-Way Ticket. Knopf, 1949.
Montage of a Dream Deferred. Holt, 1951.
Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz. Knopf, 1961.
The Panther and the Lash: Poems of Our Times, 1967, reprinted, Vintage Books, 1992.
The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes. Knopf, 1994.
The Block: Poems. N.Y.: Viking, 1995.
Carol of the Brown King: Poems. N.Y.: Atheneum Books, 1997.
The Pasteboard Bandit. N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Not Without Laughter. Knopf, 1930, reprinted, Macmillan, 1986.
The Ways of White Folks. Knopf, 1934, reprinted, Random House, 1971.
Simple Speaks His Mind. Simon & Schuster, 1950.
Laughing to Keep from Crying. Holt, 1952.
Simple Takes a Wife. Simon & Schuster, 1953.
Simple Stakes a Claim. Rinehart, 1957.
Tambourines to Glory. John Day, 1958, reprinted, Hill & Wang, 1970.
Something in Common and Other Stories. Hill & Wang, 1963.
Simple's Uncle Sam. Hill & Wang, 1965.
The Return of Simple. Hill & Wang, 1994.
Short Stories of Langston Hughes. Hill & Wang, 1996.
A Negro Looks at Soviet Central Asia. Moscow and Leningrad: Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the U.S.S.R., 1934.
The Big Sea: An Autobiography. Knopf, 1940, reprinted, Thunder's Mouth, 1986.
(With Roy De Carava) The Sweet Flypaper of Life. Simon & Schuster, 1955, reprinted Howard University Press, 1985.
I Wonder as I Wander: An Autobiographical Journey. Rinehart, 1956, reprinted, Thunder's Mouth, 1986.
(With Milton Meltzer) A Pictorial History of the Negro in America. Crown, 1956. 4th Edition published as A Pictorial History of Black Americans, 1973. 6th Edition published as A Pictorial History of African Americans, 1995.
Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP. Norton, 1962.
(With Meltzer) Black Magic: A Pictorial History of the Negro in American Entertainment. Prentice-Hall, 1967.
Black Misery. Paul S. Erickson, 1969, reprinted, Oxford University Press, 1994.
The Langston Hughes Reader. New York: Braziller, 1958.
Simply Heavenly. Book and lyrics by Hughes, music by David Martin. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1959.
The Ballad of the Brown King. Libretto by Hughes, music by Margaret Bonds. New York: Sam Fox, 1961.
Five Plays by Langston Hughes. Edited by Webster Smalley. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1963.
Good Morning Revolution: Uncollected Social Protest Writings by Langston Hughes. Edited by Faith Berry. New York & Westport: Lawrence Hill, 1973.
Selected Children's Books
(With Arna Bontemps) Popo and Fifina: Children of Haiti. Macmillan, 1932, reprinted, Oxford University Press, 1993.
The First Book of Rhythms. F. Watts, 1954, also published as The Book of Rhythms, Oxford University Press, 1995.